In addition to its symbolic function the fountain also had a practical purpose. The complex water system allowed the water to flow out in the form of a shallow surface. The central cylindrical unit of the fountain basin allowed the water to flow in and out thus preventing it from spilling out of the fountain.
On a small scale, the Fountain of the Lions represents the entire technical concept behind the creation of the Alhambra, a structural conception rooted in human and constructive experiences developed creatively over many centuries.
Muhammad V was responsible for the construction of the beautiful palace during his second mandate, between 1362 and 1391, his first mandate having only lasted five years. During his mandate the Nasrid Sultanate reached its pinnacle: the Palace of the Lions was a synthesis of the finest Moorish artistic styles developed over the years.
The architectural pattern of the Palace of the Lions was similar to that of the Palace of Comares, although with the traditional design of the Spanish-Moorish houses, i.e. a central open air courtyard as the centre of family life was flanked by a number of polyvalent rooms consisting of a ground floor and at least one upper floor or loft.
The Court had a cross ground floor design with a central fountain, following the same pattern as other earlier and later constructions used in Muslin Spain and elsewhere. The proportional and visual perfection of the surrounding arched gallery supported by columns converted this Court into one of the most celebrated and admired of architectural structures.
Its fame has caused an intense debate over whether the four sides of the cross were originally paved or covered with bushes placed at a lower level than the galleries and walkways. There are examples of both cases in other constructions. Notwithstanding the debate, the magnificence and originality of the courtyard is unsurpassable.
It was the residential area of the royal guard in charge of the security of the palatial cityMORE INFORMATION
The baths being essential Moorish urban elements, it is easy to understand why each palace in the Alhambra has its own baths.MORE INFORMATION
Tower of the candle
The Candle's Tower, named Major tower in nasrid times and Sun's gate during the s.XVI as it reflects the sun in the front wall at midday, working as a sun clock for the city.MORE INFORMATION
The chamber of the ambassadors
This throne room is the largest lounge of the compound, encircled by nine small bedchambers, reserved one of them for the sultanMORE INFORMATION
The hall of the kings
Five bedchambers round a large room, scenery of receptions and festive representations, their painted domes are the most characteristic element.MORE INFORMATION
The hall of the muqarnas
One of the halls of the Court of the Lions, must have served as a hall for its proximity to the entrance of the palace.MORE INFORMATION