ALHAMBRA AND GENERALIFE
The Alhambra is the main enclave of a complex territorial structure,
which reveals its importance due to the domain over the city of Granada.
Granada matches the historic model of the hilltop city, surrounded by mountains and irrigated by the Darro and Genil rivers, the former dividing the land into two opposing faces which would affect the construction of the medieval city. The hills around the Darro are San Cristóbal (760m) on the right bank of the river and Sabika (790m) on the left bank. The Alhambra stands on the latter.
It is not unusual that Muhammad I(1237-1273) would select such a privileged place due to its geographic conditions, also taking into account the existence of important previous fortified constructions. The elevated locations of cities have special characteristics and are due to geopolitical decisions very consistent with medieval mentality.
The predominance of the location and the control of the territory were everything in the organization of a kingdom in the 13th century, in which both military power and administrative organization required an enclave that safeguarded the physical presence of power of the city, while keeping it separate from it.
For the conservation of the Monument, it is essential to establish a preventive conservation strategy, applying criteria based on respect for authenticity, the development of analysis techniques and the application of suitable, reversible treatments.
The current intervention on the Monumental Complex requires contributions from different interdisciplinary teams.
The Monumental Complex of the Alhambra and Generalife represents a valuable cultural landscape, a great environmental unit, formed by different units of vegetation capable of accommodating a rich and varied biodiversity.