Epigraphy in Muslim Art
Dª Anissa Foukalne
In Judaism, Christianity and Islam the sacred book plays an essential role in religious practice. For Muslims the Koran is the message of God and is therefore of fundamental importance in Islamic culture. This is manifested in the first message that God gave to the Prophet Muhammad through the Archangel Gabriel. The first word he said to him was “iqura”, which means “read”.
Although reading has a vital role in Muslim culture, writing is equally important. Since the eighth century different styles of calligraphy have been created to display words in an aesthetically pleasing way. All the different kinds of calligraphy can be divided into four main categories: Kufi, Maghrebi, Tuluth and Nashki, each of which has its own characteristics. Epigraphy is used in the Islamic world in many different fields, for example in architectural description and decoration, in the writing of books and for the ornamentation of domestic objects. The wide variety of calligraphy in Muslim Art is visible in the Alhambra in different ways. The most curious of these is the use of all four epigraphic styles in the architectural decoration of the Nasrid palaces.
Time: todos los domingos a las 12 h
Place: Museo de la Alhambra, Palacio Carlos V
Days : 20, 27