They include the required conservation strategies adapted to the cultural context of the Alhambra.
The Lesser Kestrel is one of the smallest falcons of Europe
Amphibians are currently one of the most threatened groups on the planet
The monumental, historical and artistic importance of the Alhambra is recognized worldwide. However, the monument and its surroundings also have an additional value of enormous interest, of which there is a very limited awareness; we are referring to the great diversity of fauna to be found in the surroundings. Each of the species found in the Alhambra should be considered as an additional element of the natural and cultural heritage, therefore it is worth making a special effort towards its understanding, study, protection and conservation.
The General Plan of the Alhambra is considering the drawing up of a Catalogue of Fauna of Vertebrates of the location and the surroundings as a priority action with the idea of reducing the present lack of knowledge regarding the value of the fauna in the Alhambra and its surroundings. It is important to disseminate this information and its possible impact on the conservation of the Monumental Complex.
The development of activities aimed at the conservation of these values should be a priority for the coming years, with respect to the requirements for management and projects to be developed by the Patronato de la Alhambra y Generalife. To set many of these requirements in motion it is essential to have a very detailed and profound knowledge of the species that exist in the premises and its surroundings. Therefore it is very important to carry out an inventory.
The preparation of a catalogue of species means acquiring all the basic information, which will be a reference point in the future to assess the state of the population of fauna in the Alhambra.
The Monumental Complex of the Alhambra y Generalife in collaboration with DEMA (Defense and study of the Environment) is carrying out a serious study to understand the vertebrate communities that exist in the Alhambra and its surroundings. As there are hardly any prior references, the task of elaborating an inventory needs considerable effort, particularly when we are considering all the groups of vertebrates. We are dealing with more than 60 families, taking into account fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.
Field work will provide the necessary data for elaborating a report including all the existing species, estimating their numbers, distribution and frequent location in the area of study, phenology, and risks facing them, and other peculiarities regarding their way of life in this particular environment.
The result of this work will be a catalogue of the different groups of vertebrates, together with the preparation of a rough draft of the “Guide to the vertebrates of the Alhambra”.