They include the required conservation strategies adapted to the cultural context of the Alhambra.
Amphibians are currently one of the most threatened groups on the planet, as they are affected by the presence of chemical pollutants in the water and soil, loss or degradation of their breeding sites, climate change, over-harvesting, etc.
They are also the oldest terrestrial vertebrates (they appeared in the Devonian period, 370 million years ago) and they were the first to adapt to dry land. In fact, the name “amphibian” comes from classical Greek (amphi and bio) meaning “both lives” or “in both environments”.
The network of canals, pools, and fountains of the Alhambra and Generalife constitutes an important breeding ground for two species which are less and less common in the valley of the river Darro: the Perez’s frog (Pelophylax perezi) and the common toad (Bufo bufo).
The installation of temporary access ramps during the breeding season makes it easier for the amphibians to move around in the early stages of their development.